Web applications store and transmit important information, which is why there is a dire need to use website security tools. Aside from maintaining the privacy of vital data, security testing tools also involves dealing with authentication and authorization issues.
Here at securitysite.net, our blog articles contain interesting techniques and tools that uncover the vulnerabilities of a web software or application, which can help IT professionals and website builders. By using the appropriate web security testing tools, we can discover various hidden issues that could otherwise provide sensitive information to unauthorized individuals.
The main goal of this blog is to deliver information to our readers about the idea behind web security testing. We want to determine the weaknesses of a system and to find out whether its resources and data are secured from possible intruders. Recently, there has been a rapid increase in online transactions, which makes web security a crucial area of testing for applications. With regular performance, web security testing will be more effective in detecting prospective vulnerabilities.
Reasons for Security Testing
Website security tools are necessary to determine and deal with web application vulnerabilities in order to prevent the following:
Losing customer’s trust.
Interruption to online means of income collection or generation.
Time loss, website downtime, and expenses to recover from damage (reinstating backups, reinstalling services, etc.).
Legal implications and fees connected with having lenient security measures in place.
Cost related to securing web applications from potential attacks.
Types of Threats
The different types of threats that intruders can use to manipulate security vulnerability include:
Privilege Elation – a type of threat where a hacker has a membership account on a system and takes advantages of it to intensify their system privileges to a greater level that they are not meant to have.
SQL Injection – a common web application layer attack method that hackers use, wherein they insert malicious SQL statements into strings for execution.
Unauthorized Data Access – a type of attack to gain unauthorized access to data from a web application. Hackers access the data on a network or servers.
URL Manipulation – the process of changing the parameters in a URL and capture important information.
DoS or Denial-of-Service attack – an attempt to deprive a user or organization of the services of a network or machine resource that they normally have. Hackers can also attack web applications, which make the application or the entire machine not working.
Data Manipulation – an attack wherein the hacker changes the data on a website to humiliate the owner or gain an advantage.
Identity Spoofing – a hacker pretends to be another by using the information of a legitimate user to bypass access controls, steal data, or initiate attacks on network hosts.
Cross-Site Scripting (XSS) – a type of injection wherein attackers inject malicious scripts into otherwise trusted and nonthreatening websites.
These types of attacks are further explored in our blog posts. You would also learn ways on how to use different website security tools to fight against these threats.
Website Security Testing Techniques
It is necessary to have an understanding of client (browser) and expertise on the HTTP protocol in order to fight the aforementioned security flaws or threats and perform a testing on the security of a web application. Here are some of the techniques to help perform a quality website security testing.
Ethical hacking is done by a computer and networking expert to systematically try to access a computer network or system on behalf of the website owner to identify potential threats.
While performing a system testing, password cracking is the most crucial part. Attackers can make a guess on the username and password or they may use a password cracking application. Together with open source password cracking tools, common usernames and passwords can be accessed online.
This is an attack on a computer network or system to find security loopholes, possibly gaining access to it as well as its data and functionality.
This is the process of determining and assessing the possibility of vulnerability incidence and the risk concerning the type of loss. This is done within the organization by conducting several interviews, analysis, and discussions.
A security audit is an inspection of the security of the information system of a company. This is done by evaluating how well it follows a set of standards.
A security scanner is a computer program that connects to an application by means of the web front-end to determine possible security vulnerabilities in the networks, web application, and operating system.
A vulnerability scanner is a program intended to determine security vulnerabilities of computer systems, applications, and networks to identify where the system can be attacked and/or exploited.
Security Posture Assessment
This is the service that makes it easier for organizations to improve their security posture. This is a combination of different website security techniques such as Ethical Hacking, Penetration Testing, Risk Assessment, Security Scanning, and Vulnerability Scanning.
As with the types of attacks, you can also check the blog posts to find some more information about different website security tools and techniques.
Every area has to be equally addressed in website security testing because any client that is connected online can be a possible threat to the system. IT professionals need to have as much knowledge as possible in web security testing. They need to find out how people access their web applications and the kind of data they are able to access.